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The Sacramental Seal from Biblical Times to Today

The Fathers of the Church utilized literal translation of the Bible as their guide when defining the sacramental seal.  They also utilized church practices as a guide reasoning that there must be a divine approval as the practices were under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.  The religious traditions...

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The Liturgical Year Explained

The liturgical year consists of 3 essential elements: Incarnation Cycle (Advent-Christmas), the Paschal Cycle (Lent through Pentecost) and Ordinary time (everything else). The liturgical year was developed with clear times of fasting and feasting. Lent and Advent are times of fasting while the end of the fasting is a...

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How Liturgical Rites of Holy Week Developed

Holy Week is the last week of Lent, beginning with Palm Sunday, commemorating the last week of the earthly life of Christ. Frank Senn points to the Gospel of John in suggesting that the foundation for our current liturgical rites have Biblical roots. (John 12:1-2), (ITCL, Senn, p. 127)....

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On Giving Moral Advice

James F Keenan wrote in his 1996 America Magazine article “On Giving Moral Advice” that there are 13 things to consider when providing guidance and insight on moral behaviors.  I’ll address 6, as these will encompass the core elements that will be built upon in 7-13. Listen. Active listening...

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Mary, the Church and the Holy Spirit

The Bible doesn’t say a lot about Mary, the Blessed Mother of Jesus.  In many ways, the Holy Spirit, the Church and Mary are the same topic.  What you say about the Church you can also say about Mary.  Mary is the icon of the Catholic Church. The Holy...

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The Holy Spirit

“No one can say ‘Jesus is Lord’ except by the Holy Spirit.” (CCC, 683) Jesus is the Word of God who breathes the Holy Spirit allowing us God’s grace to awaken faith in us, offering us a new life in the Holy Trinity. We recognize that the Holy Spirit...

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